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·备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

来源:上海环球雅思动态   时间: 2011-08-15

  ETS于2009年12月4日在美国研究生院委员会第49届年会上再次正式宣布GRE考试将于2011年8月进行历史上最大的一次改革,并且纽约时报教育版和美国著名教育网站都对此进行了相对权威的报导,可见ETS对于GRE考试改革的决心,并且这次改革大有“势在必行,绝不忽悠”的态势。由此可见,GRE改革是迟早之事,同时改革内容之重大无容置疑。那么现在我们从考试内容方面来讲解一下改革后的新GRE的特点及相关备考策略。

  此次GRE考试内容方面的改革,指导思想是使考试结果能更好地反映并评估那些学生在美国大学研究生院学习并取得成功所必备的技能。ETS相信这些改进有助于更好地测试各个考生未来取得成功的潜力。新GRE考试的内容如下:

  新GRE考试的内容

  新的GRE考试总耗时约为3小时45分钟,外加考生中场休息时间,共有6个部分。最先考的是写作,其中包含两项计时写作任务(Issue和 Argument);接下来就是两个语文部分和两个数学部分(其中一个部分不算分数);最后是研究考试部分。研究考试部分之前会有一个10分钟的休息,其余各个部分之间只有1分钟的间隔。现在我们逐一介绍:

  A、写作:

  写作部分将重点考察考生有针对性地对具体考题做出反应的能力,而非要求考生堆砌泛泛的文字。具体说来,这些重点关注的能力包括:

  • 清楚有效地阐明复杂观点

  • 用贴切的事理和事例支撑观点

  • 考察/验证他人论点及其相关论证

  • 支撑一个有针对性的连贯的讨论

  • 控制标准书面英语的各个要素

  对策:

  整体来看的话新GRE考试的写作部分改动不大,但仍要注意如下问题:

  1、新GRE考试大规模更新了题库,降低了考生依赖事前准备(如背诵)的可能性。

  2、新GRE考试的issue答题时间由以前的45分钟变为了30分钟,要求考生的瞬间反应速度要更快,思维要更活跃,作文要更流畅迅速。

  3、新GRE考试的作文原文会直接寄给学校,这样一方面增加了评卷的准确和客观性,一方面也给所有考生提供了一个机会,当然更是一个挑战。

  B、语文

  传统笔考的GRE我们比较熟悉,分为填空、类比、阅读和反义四个部分。而新GRE考试分为阅读、填空和同意填句(sentence equivalence)。

  1、阅读(共10个题目左右)

  (1)、篇幅缩短,数量增加。

  (2)、文章体裁更加多样性,不只有阳春白雪,还会有市井俗文(academic or nonacademic);

  (3)、题型多样化。在新GRE考试中阅读有三种题型:单选(5选1)、多选(3选多)、点句。

  Sample questions:

  Policymakers must confront the dilemma that fossil fuels continue to be an indispensable source of energy even though burning them produces atmospheric accumulations of carbon dioxide that increase the likelihood of potentially disastrous global climate change. Currently, technology that would capture carbon dioxide emitted by power plants and sequester it harmlessly underground or undersea instead of releasing it into the atmosphere might double the cost of generating electricity. But because sequestration does not affect the cost of electricity transmission and distribution, delivered prices will rise less, by no more than 50 percent. Research into better technologies for capturing carbon dioxide will undoubtedly lead to lowered costs。

  Sample Multiple-choice Questions — Select One Answer Choice

  1. The passage implies which of the following about the current cost of generating electricity?

  A. It is higher than it would be if better technologies for capturing carbon dioxide were available。

  B. It is somewhat less than the cost of electricity transmission and distribution。

  C. It constitutes at most half of the delivered price of electricity。

  D. It is dwelt on by policymakers to the exclusion of other costs associated with electricity delivery。

  E. It is not fully recovered by the prices charged directly to electricity consumers。

  Answer: C

  2. The passage suggests that extensive use of sequestration would, over time, have which of the following consequences?

  A. The burning of fossil fuels would eventually cease to produce atmospheric accumulations of carbon dioxide。

  B. The proportion of the delivered price of electricity due to generation would rise and then decline。

  C. Power plants would consume progressively lower quantities of fossil fuels。

  Answer: B

  3. Select the sentence that explains why an outcome of sequestration that might have been expected would not occur。

  Answer:

  “But because sequestration does not affect the cost of electricity transmission and distribution, delivered prices will rise less, by no more than 50 percent.”

  2、填空

  (1)、每题总长度1-5句话。设有1-3个空格。

  (2)、若2或3个空,每空对应三个选项,若一个空,对应5个选项。

  (3)、独立选择,没有连带关系。

  Sample questions:

  Directions: For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text。

  1. It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics: well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (2)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet。

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  选项列表1

  Answer: overshadowed, obscure, and superficiality of our theories

  2. The author‘s (1)__________ style renders a fascinating subject, the role played by luck in everyday life, extraordinarily (2)__________。

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  选项列表2

  Answer: soporific and tedious

  3. From the outset, the concept of freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion — that of the _______ of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit。

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  选项列表3

  Answer: appropriation

 3、同意填句

  (1)、每题6个选项。每次必选2个;

  (2)、选择填写完毕使得两句话意思接近。

  Sample questions:

  Directions: Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning。

  1. Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as __________。

  A. orthodox

  B. eccentric

  C. original

  D. trifling

  E. conventional

  F. innovative

  Answer: C and F

  对策:

  1、阅读部分拓宽阅读量,适应新题型,提高信息的定位和内容的全面把握能力。

  2、填空部分学会整体全盘把握同时每空独立思考。

  3、同意填句注意同义词或近义词的积累。   C. 数学

  数学部分依旧关注代数、几何、统计概率等数学概念,同时引入了更多的生活场景并且更加突出对考生解读数字能力的考察。具体题型主要有多选1;多选多;填答案;比大小。

  Sample questions:

  多选1

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  问题1图

  1. The figure above shows a circle with center C and radius 6. What is the sum of the areas of the two shaded regions?

  7.5π

  6π

  4.5π

  4π

  3π

  Answer: D

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  问题2图

  2. The figure above shows the graph of a function f, defined by f(x)=|2x|+4 for all numbers x. For which of the following functions g defined for all numbers x does the graph of g intersect the graph of f ?

  g(x)=x-2

  g(x)=x+3

  g(x)=2x-2

  g(x)=2x+3

  g(x)=3x-2

  Answer: E

  多选多:

  1. Each employee of a certain company is in either Department X or Department Y, and there are more than twice as many employees in Department X as in Department Y. The average (arithmetic mean) salary is $25,000 for the employees in Department X and is $35,000 for the employees in Department Y. Which of the following amounts could be the average salary for all of the employees in the company?

  Indicate all such amounts。

  $26,000

  $28,000

  $29,000

  $30,000

  $31,000

  $32,000

  $34,000

  Answer: A and B

  2. If f, g, and h are positive integers, f is a factor of g, and g is a factor of h, which of the following statements must be true?

  Indicate all such statements。

  f is a factor of g2

  f is a factor of gh。

  f is a factor of h-g

  Answer: A, B, and C

  填答案

  1.

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  填答案图1

  Answer: 101

  2. A university admitted 100 students who transferred from other institutions. Of these students, 34 transferred from two-year community colleges, 25 transferred from private four-year institutions, and the rest transferred from public four-year institutions. If two different students are to be selected at random from the 100 students, what is the probability that both students selected will be students who transferred from two-year community colleges?

  Give your answer as a fraction。

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  填答案图2

  比大小:

  A. Quantity A is greater。

  B. Quantity B is greater。

  C. The two quantities are equal。

  D. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given。

  A symbol that appears more than once in a question has the same meaning throughout the question。

  1.

备考须知:2011年新GRE考试内容

  比大小图

  Answer: A

  对策:

  扎实数学知识,计算时候不要出错。

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